HERODIAS (first century C.E.), daughter of Aristobulus, the son of herod i and mariamne the Hasmonean. Herodias was married to Herod, son of Herod I and Mariamne II, to whom she bore a daughter, salome . After 31 C.E. Herodias was divorced from her first husband and married his brother, Herod Antipas. The marriage aroused the anger of the people, because Jewish law forbade a man to marry his brother's divorced wife (see Lev. 18:6). John the Baptist, leader of those who opposed the marriage (Mark 6: 17–18; Matt. 14: 34; Luke 3:18–20), was seized by Antipas, who imprisoned him in machaerus in Transjordan, and later ordered him to be executed. One cause apparently was his fear of the messianic movement which John had stirred up among the people. There is no historical foundation to the New Testament story according to which John was killed at the request of Salome the young daughter of Herodias by her first marriage after Antipas had undertaken to grant anything she requested as a reward for her dancing at his birthday celebration. After Agrippa I became king (c. 40 C.E.) Herodias persuaded her husband to go to Rome to request a royal crown for himself from Caligula. As a result of Agrippa's slanders, however, Antipas was exiled to Lugdunum (Lyons?) in Gaul and his fortune given to Agrippa, brother of Herodias. Although the emperor permitted Herodias to return to her home, she chose to accompany her husband into exile. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 18:240–55; Matt. 14:3ff.; Mark 6:17ff.; Luke 3:19ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 193ff.; Schuerer, Hist, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Kokkinos, The Herodian Dynasty: Origins, Role in Society and Eclipse (1998); S. Gibson, The Cave of John the Baptist (2004), 242–44. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Herodias — (c. 15 BC after 39 AD) was a Jewish princess of the Herodian Dynasty. Relationships*Daughter of Aristobulus IV (one of the two sons of Herod the Great and the Hasmonean princess Mariamne I) *Daughter of Berenice (a daughter of Herod s sister… …   Wikipedia

  • Herodias — (Gemälde von Paul Hippolyte Delaroche) Herodias (* 8 v. Chr., † nach 39 n. Chr.) war eine Tochter des jüdischen Prinzen Aristobulos und dessen Ehefrau Berenike sowie eine Enkelin Herodes des Großen und dessen Ehefrau Mariamne, einer Prinzessin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodias — • Wife of Herod Philip, and mistress of Herod Antipas Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Herodias     Herodias     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Herodías — por Paul Delaroche …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herodias — Herodias, jene isralitische Frau, deren das neue Testament als Veranlassung der Enthauptung Johannes des Täufers erwähnt, war die Enkelin Herodes des Großen und vermählte sich auf seinen Wunsch mit ihrem Oheim Herodes Philippus. Treulos verließ… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Herodĭas — Herodĭas, Enkelin Herodes des Großen, Tochter des Aristobulos, Gemahlin des Herodes Philippos, ihres Oheims, dem sie die Salome gebar; wurde ihrem Gemahl von Herodes Antipas entführt; auf ihre Veranlassung wurde Johannes der Täufer hingerichtet.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Herodĭas [1] — Herodĭas, Vogel, s. Reiher …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herodĭas [2] — Herodĭas, Tochter Aristobuls, Enkelin Herodes d. Gr., Gemahlin des Herodes Antipas (s. Herodes 2), entlockte durch den Tanz ihrer Tochter Salome ihrem Gemahl das Versprechen, Johannes den Täufer enthaupten zu lassen. Sie folgte 39 ihrem Mann in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herodias — Herodĭas, Enkelin Herodes d. Gr., Gemahlin des Herodes Boëthos, dann dessen Stiefbruders Herodes Antipas, verleitete diesen zur Hinrichtung Johannes des Täufers …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herodias — [hə rō′dē əs] n. Bible the second wife of Herod Antipas & mother of Salome: Mark 6:17 28 …   English World dictionary

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